At around 9:20 in the morning of April 22, 1884, the Colchester area was at the epicentre of the UK's most destructive
earthquake, estimated to have been 5.2 on the Richter Scale, and lasting for about 20 seconds. The quake was felt over much
of southern England and into Europe, and over 1,200 buildings were destroyed or damaged.
The Times for Wednesday, April 23 reported damage "in the many villages in the neighbourhood from Colchester
to the sea coast",with many poor people made homeless, and estimated the financial cost of the quake at 10,000 pounds sterling.
Great damage was also reported in Wivenhoe and Ipswich, and buildings destroyed included Langenhoe church, and the Rose and
Crown Inn at Peldon. The death of a child at Rowhedge was also reported.